A model for risk management in the supply chain of Iran's gas industry

Document Type : Research Paper

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Abstract

Environmental uncertainty and intense competition of organizations have faced them with many challenges. Risk identification and management is one of the new approaches that is used to strengthen and improve the effectiveness of organizations. We extracted, the most important risk management factors from the literature. These factors were then sent through a questionnaire to 150 experts in the field of risk and risk management in the country's gas industry. After collecting information, the initial risks were divided into seven factors using factor analysis. These factors were analyzed by interpreting structural modeling and consulting with ten gas industry experts. The structural analysis results showed that external, production, transmission and organizational risks in the field of risk management in the supply chain of the country's gas industry are key and should be given priority. Also, the probability of occurrence of any of the risks in the supply chain of the country's gas industry was obtained by William Fine method. Then, using the results of previous steps and analyzes, the level of each risk was determined and finally, the necessary control activities and measures for each risk were proposed. Production and transmission and external risks were identified as the highest rated risks that should be the first priority of control. Organizational risks and information systems scored lower than the previous risk categories. Supply, supplier, support and distribution risks had the lowest score, which needs to be reduced or eliminate. 

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