Determining the Framework of Governmental Policies to Increase National Competitiveness in the Global Market for Engineering Service

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Ph.D. Student, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

If in a definition of national competitiveness، we call it "the share of a country's products / services in the global market", we come to the fundamental question of why the share of Iranian engineering companies in the global market is small? The aim of this study is to explain the role of government in increasing the national competitiveness of Iranian engineering companies in the global market. In this qualitative  research, we interviewed fifteen experts from engineering companies and organizations connected to export of engineering services. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview and experts selected in a non-random convenience sampling. Theme analysis and coding methods were used to analyze the data. The result of the research indicated that a comprehensive framework for government policies to increase the competitiveness of the country's engineering services has to be formulated. This framework requires the following initiatives: Reforming the existing mechanisms in financing; Establishment of engineering companies to be matched with the requirements of internationalization; transforming government support mechanisms, especially in foreign relations; restructuring the administration  of engineering export services and changing attitudes towards the engineering export services and smoothing the presence of the private sector. And, most importantly, is the perception that in the current economic condition, the export of engineering services can act as a driving force of our economy. It has to be noted that this framework can be applied as a basis for drawing a model of competitiveness of  engineering services exports in other service / industrial areas of our country.

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