مطالعه‌ی ریشه‌های فساد اداری در سازمان‌های دولتی ایران

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته رشته مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
فساد اداری از سال‌ها پیش به‌عنوان یکی از مهم‌ترین چالش‌های پیش روی کشور مطرح بوده و امروز به یکی از بحران‌های ملی تبدیل شده است که در صورت تداوم به سلب اعتماد مردم منجر می‌شود. هدف این پژوهش پاسخ به این سؤال است؛ «ریشه‌های فساد اداری در سازمان‌های دولتی ایران چیست؟». وجه تمایز پژوهش حاضر با سایر مطالعاتی که تاکنون در این زمینه انجام شده، توجه به متغیرهای زمینه‌ای و هستی‌شناسانه‌ی ایجاد فساد اداری در ادبیات فساد سازمان‌های بخش دولتی و بررسی آن‌ها در یک الگوی جامع و منسجم است. این پژوهش از طریق روش‌ فراتحلیل یک‌صد مقاله معتبر خارجی، نظرجویی از جامعه خبرگان موضوعی و استفاده از روش‌ کمّی رگرسیون در صدد شناسایی ریشه‌های فساد اداری ایران طی یک‌دوره شانزده ساله برآمد. نتایج حاصل از یافته‌های فرضیه‌های پژوهش نشان داد برقراری دموکراسی و بهبود کیفیت بوروکراسی، فساد را در بازه زمانی مطالعه کاهش داده ولی کاهش اندازه دولت، کاهش درآمدهای نفتی دولت، افزایش حاکمیت قانون و افزایش توسعه انسانی بر کاهش فساد اداری مؤثر نبوده است. در پایان بر مبنای یافته‌های پژوهش پیشنهادهایی برای پژوهش‌های آتی ارائه شده است.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Studying the Roots of Administrative Corruption in Government Organizations of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mina Alavi 1
  • AbolHassan Faghihi 2
  • Morteza Moosa Khani 2
  • Reza NajafBeigi 2
1 e
2 e
چکیده [English]

Corruption has been one of the most important challenges facing the country since many years ago, and today it has become one of the national crises which, if continued, will lead to the loss of confidence among the people. The present research aims to answer the question "What are the roots of corruption in Iranian government agencies?". This research sought to identify the root causes of corruption by adopting a comprehensive approach combining "tacit knowledge" through an expert view of the subject of "explicit knowledge" through a qualitative text analysis method on 100 valid international papers and a quantitative regression method. The results of research findings suggest that increasing current costs, increasing oil revenues, establishing democracy and improving the quality of bureaucracy will reduce corruption. Also, the effect of rule of law and human development on corruption was not significant. At the end, based on the findings of the research, suggestions were made for future research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corruption
  • government size
  • oil revenues
  • democracy
  • bureaucracy quality
  • rule of law
  • human development
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