ارزیابیِ تأثیر مؤلفه‌های توانمندسازِ بوم‌گردی بر شبکه بهره‌برداران

نوع مقاله: مقاله مستقل

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه مدیریت دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه مدیریت دانشگاه ولایت ایرانشهر

3 استاد مدعو گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور مشهد، دکتری مدیریت آموزشی

چکیده

بوم­گردی یکی از رویکردهای نوین در توسعه­ی گردشگری، به­ویژه در مناطق روستایی و عشایری است. استان سیستان و بلوچستان با دارا بودن 51 درصد جمعیت روستایی و عشایری در آخرین سرشماری عمومی نفوس و مسکن، دارای ظرفیت­های بی­شماری به ویژه در ابعاد آداب و رسوم، خرده­فرهنگ­های محلی، صنایع دستی و ظرفیت­های طبیعی و جغرافیایی است. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی میزان توانمندیِ کارآفرینان و ذینغعانِ اقامتگاه‌های بوم‌گردی، در نتیجه‌ی فعالیت در این حوزه انجام شده است. روش پژوهش از نظر هدف، کاربردی و از نوع توصیفی – پیمایشی است. جامعه­ی آماری پژوهش، شامل کلیه­ی بهره‌برداران و نیروهای فعال در اقامتگاه‌های بوم­گردی در استان سیستان و بلوچستان به تعداد 108 نفر  بود که سرشماری شدند. ﺑﺮای ﺗﺠﺰﯾﻪ و ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ دادهﻫﺎ در ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﺻﯿﻔﯽ از ﻣﯿﺎﻧﮕﯿﻦ و اﻧﺤﺮاف ﻣﻌﯿﺎر و در ﺑﺨﺶ اﺳـﺘﻨﺒﺎﻃﯽ از آزمون t با ارزش ثابت بهره­گیری ﺷﺪ.یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که توسعه‌ی اقامتگاه‌های بوم‌گردی، شاخص‌های توانمندسازیِ روانشناختی و اجتماعی را ارتقاء داده امّا در شاخص‌های اقتصادی و سیاسی، میزان اثرگذاری در حد قابل قبولی نبوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the effects of ecotourism empowering components on the network of beneficiaries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nour Mohammad Yaghoubi 1
  • Abdolbaset Morad Zadeh 2
  • Abbas Arab 3
1 e
2 e
چکیده [English]

Ecotourism is one of the new approaches to tourism development, especially in rural and nomadic areas. The Sistan and Baloochestan Province with 51% of rural and nomadic population, in the last population and housing census has countless capacities, especially in terms of customs, local subcultures, handicrafts and natural and geographical capacities. The purpose of this study is to assess the capacity of coastal resorts’ entrepreneurs and stakeholders (beneficiaries) who are engaged in ecotourism activities in the area. The research statistical population consisted of all 108 beneficiaries and active forces who worked in abandoned resort area of Sistan and Baluchestan province. The analysis of descriptive statistics; the mean and standard deviation ,and the inferential statistics; t-test with constant value, show that there are some improvements in psychological and social empowerment of beneficiaries, but, the effect indices of economic and political ecotourism empowerment have not improved..

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ecotourism
  • tourism development
  • Empowerment
  • local residents

 

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