طراحی الگوی رهبری سخاوتمند در بیمارستانهای دولتی استان قم

نوع مقاله: مقاله مستقل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

نظریه های رهبری در سالهای اخیر بیشتر معطوف به حوزه های اخلاقی و ارزشی رهبری و خصوصا بصورت بومی برای هر جامعه ای گردیده است. یکی از ارزشهای اصیل ایرانی اسلامی که حتی در جوامع دیگر نیز پسندیده و ممدوح است سخاوت می باشد. هدف از این مقاله تبیین پدیده رهبری سخاوتمند در مراکز درمانی آموزشی دولتی استان قم می باشد. این تحقیق با استفاده از رویکرد کیفی و از طریق روش نظریه پردازی داده بنیاد انجام شده است. با استفاده از پرسشنامه بومی شده سخاوت میان فردی و از طریق روش نمونه گیری هدفمند و گلوله برفی 39 مدیر مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و 15 مدیری که دارای بیشترین امتیاز بودند برای مصاحبه انتخاب شدند. پس از انجام مصاحبه و با استفاده از روش نظریه پردازی داده بنیاد مدل پارادایمی الگوی رهبری سخاوتمند طراحی گردید. در شرایط علی مفاهیمی مانند ویژگیهای فردی رهبر و علل سازمانی، در شرایط زمینه ای مفاهیمی مانند عوامل تشویق کننده رهبر و عوامل محدود کننده رهبر برای ارائه رهبری سخاوتمند، در شرایط مداخله گر تغییرات رهبر و تفاوتهای پیروان قرار دارند که در انتخاب مکانیزم مناسب تاثیر می گذارند. پدیده محوری رهبری سخاوتمند، فرایند رهبری سخاوتمند است که با برقراری ارتباط شروع شده و سپس به درک نیاز پرسنل رسیده و تصمیم مناسب برای رفع آن نیاز گرفته و اجرا می شود. این کار منجر به نتایجی شده و بازخور و کنترل، آن فرایند را مورد چرخش و کنترل قرار می دهد. مکانیزمهای رهبری سخاوتمند شامل برطرف کردن نیازهای زیستی، تعلق و رشد پیروان است و پیامدهایی برای رهبر، پیروان و سازمان ایجاد می کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a generous leadership model of Iranian public hospitals in Qom Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Reza Irani 1
  • Seyyed Mehdi Alvani 2
  • Gholamreza Jandaghi 2
  • Hassan Zarei Matin 2
چکیده [English]

Abstract: Leadership is one of the important concepts in the organizational behavior literature. Regarding the outcome of effective leadership that have both soft (satisfaction, commitment, belonging, loyalty and team making) and hard (performance, absent, stress and security) qualities, the subject has been one of the most discussed issue among OB scholars. The purpose of this study is to design an effective and authentic leadership model for Iranian public hospitals. Since, cultural differences among societies require theories that meet and address their problems, we have tried to develop a leadership theory that might best be fitted to the Iranian culture. To this end, we use the concept of generosity which is an important Iranian/Islamic value. Therefore, this exploratory mixed method study uses a grounded theory to explore a generous leadership theory in Iranian public hospitals. The statistical population of this study are the staff of 6 medical universities of Qom province. In order to find generous leaders, we distributed a customized interpersonal generosity questionnaire among hospitals staff.  Thereafter, 39 managers were selected from those 15 managers who hold higher scores were single out for interview. We went forward through grounded theory processes to create a generous leadership theory for Iranian public hospitals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Generous leadership
  • Generosity in Organization
  • Leadership in healthcare
  • Grounded Theory
  • Public hospitals

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