سازمان مانا: کاربرد مدل سیستم های مانا (VSM) در طراحی ساختار سازمانی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

ساختار سازمانی متناسب، یکی از عوامل اساسی جهت دستیابی سازمان به اهدافش و رویارویی با چالش های محیطی محسوب می شود. مدل های طراحی ساختار باید طوری باشد که پیچیدگی ذاتی محیط و پیچیدگی روابط بین ذی نفعان را درک کند و در تمامی شرایط با تغییرات محیطی منطبق باشد. یکی از مدل هایی که قابلیت درک تغییرات محیطی را دارد، مدل سیستم های مانا (VSM) می باشد که ریشه در سایبرنتیک سازمانی دارد. این مدل، طرحی کلی و عام برای کمک به طراحی ساختار سازمانی به شمار می رود. انگاره این مدل آن است که وجود زیر سیستم های مشخصی در سازمان و روابط بین این زیر سیستم ها می تواند سازمان را به سمت مانایی و توانایی بقا در محیط متغیر سوق دهد. در پژوهش حاضر از این مدل و روش شناسی پنج مرحله ای آن جهت عارضه یابی ساختار سازمانی سازمان نظام مهندسی ساختمان استفاده شده است. به کار گیری روش شناسی فوق نشان داد که در  این سازمان مجموعه ای از زیر سیستم ها، کارکرد ها و همچنین کانال های ارتباطی جهت دستیابی به مانایی دارای نقص می باشند که رفع این نواقص سازمان را جهت رویارویی با چالش های محیطی و حرکت به سمت مانایی توانمند تر خواهد کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Viable organization: an application of viable systems model(VSM) in organizational structure design

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zeinab Rezaii 1
  • Adel Azar 2
  • Abbas Moghbel Baerz 3
  • Mahmood Dehghan Nayyeri 3
2 azara@modares.ac.ir
3 Moghbel Baerz, Abbas
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, organizations have met with increasing complexity and uncertainty in their internal and external environment. A well-designed organizational structure is a cornerstone of achieving an organization’s goals while suiting the environmental challenges. Structural design models must be in a way to understand the inherent complexity of the environment as well as the complexity of stakeholders’ relationships. Viable System Model (VSM) which is rooted in Organizational Cybernetics, is capable of understanding the external and internal complexities of organizations. This approach is an outline for diagnosing and designing organizational structure. The fundamental idea of VSM is the existence of specific systems, and their relations in an organization can lead the organization toward viability and survivability. This study employed VSM for diagnosing the organizational structure of Iranian Construction Engineering Organization based on 5-step method. Applying proposed method shows that, a set of systems, information flows and communication channels have deficiencies in the organization, which needs to be amended in order to achieve viability and the ability to cope with the challenges.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • organizational structure
  • soft modelling
  • organizational cybernetics
  • viable systems model(VSM)
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